The National flag of India, horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion and in the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel which represents the chakra, the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel.
We all have seen the National flag everywhere, fluttering atop the Red fort, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Supreme Court, other government buildings, and many such places. But have you ever wondered from where these come from?
Well, here’s your answer, they are all manufactured in “Hubballi.” The Hubballi district is in Karnataka, the only state that has the license to manufacture our National flag.
“Karnataka Khadi and Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha“, otherwise written as KKGSSF, is the unit in India which is authorized to produce India flag. It is located at Bengeri in the Hubballi – Dharwad ( twin cities) of the Indian state “Karnataka.”
Here are a few interesting facts about the KKGSSF where our National Flag is manufactured –
- It was founded in November 1957 by a group of Gandhians working towards the promotion of Khadi and village industries.
- Venkatesh T. Magadi and Sriranga Kamat were the federation’s first Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively.
- Its vision is to provide more and more employments to Rural Unemployed Youths under the “Khadi and Village Industries Sectors”.
- The flag manufacturing unit was established in 2004, after the KKGSSF was accorded permission by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC).
- And in 2006, it got a certification by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).
- The flags are made according to the strict standards set by BIS.
“Production of national flags as per strict guidelines of BIS is not an easy task, because, any defect in the flags such as colour, size, thread count, strength of yarn, fastness of the colours used for dyeing, etc. will be considered as a serious offence and is liable for a fine or imprisonment or both, as per the provisions of Flag Code of India 2002.”
The process of making the flag –
The process of making the flag is quite difficult. It requires 6 steps:
- Hand spinning,
- hand weaving,
- bleaching and dyeing,
- chakra printing,
- stitching and
The National Flag should be rectangular and with a ratio of 3:2, according to the Flag Code for India (FCI).
The flags are made in 9 different sizes and each meant for different displays.
For example, the 450X300 mm size flag is to be used by aircraft on VVIP flights, the 225X150 mm flag is meant for motor-cars and 150X100 mm size is for table flags.
And the biggest flag is hoisted on bigger buildings with high mast.
Also the KKGSSF, is spread over 17 acres of land. And the head office has several facilities:
“a ready-made garment unit, an aluminium utensils unit, regional dye house unit, and Prakrutika sadhanalaya and yoga centre.”
It also runs a training institution of textile chemistry.
So know you know the story behind the manufacturing of our National flag. Watch this documentary by Outer Space on how the national flag is manufactured at KKGSS.